The Silk Road

Resort:The Silk Road
Operator: Exodus
Destination: Uzbekistan
Price From: £2899.00


Discover the Silk Road’s highlights in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

For centuries great caravans of merchants made their way through deserts,
across steppes and over mountains, creating trade routes between the great
civilisations of the Mediterranean and China. Art and religion spread both
East and West and grand cities with impressive architecture sprouted
alongside nomadic tribes of eagle-hunters. Follow in the footsteps of Marco
Polo and uncover the natural and cultural treasures of Central Asia on this
two week trip through Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan taking in some of
the Silk Roads best sites, from Bukhara and Samarkand to the Tien Shan


* Samarkand and Bukhara : two of the greatest cities on the Silk Road
* Almaty with its leafy streets and cafe culture
* Kyrgyzstans spectacular mountain scenery
* Issyk Kul Lake


Day 1
Depart London; late night arrival into Tashkent

Those on the group flights arrive very late in the evening into Tashkent,
Uzbekistan. Land only passengers can arrive at the hotel any time today, the
leader may not be around today.

*Hotel Arien Plaza or Shodlik Hotel or similar, Comfortable Hotel*

Day 2
Full day Tashkent

We have a relaxed morning after the late arrival last night.
We later start our sightseeing of this Central Asian capital. This will
include visiting Independence Square flanked by public buildings and water
fountains and also the Old City with its mausoleums and bazaar. Tashkent was
largely destroyed by earthquakes in the 60’s and was rebuilt in true Soviet
style with pleasant leafy boulevards and lots of fountains to keep the heat
down in summer. There are some very interesting museums as well as mosques.
*Hotel Arien Plaza or Shodlik Hotel or similar, Comfortable Hotel*

Day 3
AXF: Morning train to Samarkand, visit Registan Square and other sites of the

We catch the morning fast train to Samarkand arriving mid-morning. We spend
the rest of today and tomorrow morning exploring Samarkand.

Samarkand is steeped in history, dating back 2,500 years and impacted by such
figures as Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan and Tamerlane, who made it the
capital of his empire in the 14th Century. Its central position on the Silk
Road meant that it was an important stop on the route from Istanbul to Peking
(now Beijing). At its heart is the grand Registan Square flanked by the three
grand madrasahs of Ulughbeg (15th C), Sherdor (17th C) and Tilya Qori (17th

Over the next day and a half we visit the grand square as well as the Gur
Emir Mausoleum, burial place of Tamerlane, his sons and his grandson,
Ulughbek. The Ulugbek Observatory built in 1420 by Tamerlanes grandson who
was not just a ruler but also a well-known astronomer. We move on to the
oversized Bibi Khanum Mosque and Shakhi Zinda the Living King
necropolis with its series of mausoleums dating back to the 14th and 15th
centuries. Our final visit is to the exotic Siab Bazaar with its fresh and
dried fruit and nuts and other local food produce. The leader may shift the
order the sites are visited.
*Dilshoda Hotel or Malika Prime Hotel or similar, Standard Hotel*

Day 4
Continue our exploration of Samarkand; transfer to Bukhara.

This morning we continue our visit of Samarkands many sites. In the afternoon
we drive to Bukhara, the best preserved of the Silk Road cities we visit.
*Kavsar Plaza / Fatima Hotel or similar, Standard Hotel*

Day 5
Explore Bukhara’s many historical sites.

We spend two full days exploring Bukhara. The best preserved mediaeval city
in Central Asia, this UNESCO World Heritage Site dates back over 2,000 years.
Our city tour takes us to the Lyabi Khauz complex, built in the 16th and 17th
centuries, this is the site of the oldest pool of its kind in Central Asia.
The pool is surrounded by madrasahs and a khanaka (lodging house for
travelling Sufis) including the largest madrasah in Bukhara, the 15th century
Kukeldash Madrasah.

We continue on to the Poi-Kalyan religious complex with its 48m Kalyan
minaret dating back to the 12th century and the symbol of Bukhara; the large
Kalyan Mosque (15th century) with its galleries topped by 288 domes; and the
only active madrasah in the city, Bukhara Miri-Arab (16th century). Next is
the Samanid Mausoleum, the oldest piece of Islamic architecture in Central
Asia and burial site of the 10th Century Emir, Ismail Samani. Finally we
visit the Ark, a 5th century citadel and the oldest building in Bukhara.
*Kavsar Plaza / Fatimah Hotel or similar, Standard Hotel*

Day 6
Another day exploring Bukhara before catching the late afternoon train to

We continue our exploration of the sites of Bukhara. Please note that hotel
check-out is usually 12 noon today.

Later this afternoon we will catch the fast train back to Tashkent arriving
in the capital in the evening. The train leaves Bukhara at 15:52 and arrives
in Tashkent at 19:40.
*Hotel Arien Plaza or Shodlik Hotel or similar, Comfortable Hotel

Day 7
Morning in Tashkent, overnight train to Almaty, Kazakhstan.

We spend the morning visiting parts of Tashkent we’d missed on the first day.
After lunch we head back to the train station to catch the train to Almaty in
Kazakhstan. This is one of those epic train rides which Central Asia does so
well. Since 2017 a new train service has cut the duration to 17hrs departing
Tashkent around 15:00h and arriving in Almaty the following morning around
09:30h. Travelling on trains through this region is a great way of not only
covering large distances (almost 1000kms in this case) but also of seeing the
change in the landscape and mingling with locals. (Please note that it is
possible to change Uzbek currency into Kazakh currency, and on the train it
is possible to change US Dollars into Kazakh currency but the exchange rate
is poor so you may wish to change only a small amount, say USD30 per person,
and wait until you reach Almaty to change the rest at a better rate).

*Overnight train*

Day 8
Full day exploring Almaty.

The train is scheduled to arrive at approx. 09:20am and after the formalities
we meet our bus, stop to change some money and go for some breakfast. Almaty
is a beautiful city with its backdrop of the Tien Shan mountains and we have
the whole day to explore it. With leafy streets and caf culture, the former
Kazakh capital has a distinctly European feel. After breakfast we visit a
number of sites, including Zhenkov Cathedral (Ascension Cathedral), made
entirely of wood and without the use of nails, Panfilov Park, the Monument of
Panfilovs 28 Guardsmen, the Great Patriotic and Civil War monuments and
eternal flame, and one of the museums (National History Museum or Museum of
National Instruments).

After the city tour we drive to our hotel and check-in. In the afternoon
those who wish to explore further may want to take the gondola (cost approx.
KZT2000) up Kok-Tobe Hill for a panorama over the city.

*Kazzhol Hotel or similar, Standard Hotel*

Day 9
Day trip to Issyk and Turgen Gorge.

We spend today exploring the countryside around Almaty. We first drive to
Turgen Gorge, known for its beautiful natural scenery and waterfalls (some as
tall as 40m), stopping at a supermarket en route to buy food for a picnic
lunch. Along the drive we’ll make a short photo stop near to
severalScythian burial mounds, with the Ile-Alatau Mountain Range in the
distance. Arriving at the gorge by late morning, we walk for around 1.3km (45
mins or so) on a rocky/sandy trail following the river to cascading ‘Bear’
Waterfall. After exploring the gorge, we drive to a shady spot and have a
picnic lunch, before continuing by road for approx 1 hour 45 minutes to Issky
Lake (or Esik Lake) –not to be confused with Issyk Kul Lake in Kyrgyzstan
which we visit later on the trip. Set amidst thick forests and pastures with
wild flowers, this alpine lake is located at 1,760m above sea level within
the Issyk Gorge. We walk down the concrete staircase to explore the southern
shore of the lake (it is forbidden to go to the northern shore). Finally, we
return to Almaty for the night (approx. 2 hours drive).

*Kazzhol Hotel or similar, Standard Hotel*

Day 10
Almaty to Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan; afternoon visit Bishkek.

Setting of early, we cross the border and drive to our third and final
country: Kyrgyzstan. This mountainous country was completely closed to
outsiders during the Soviet Union era but has since opened up to flaunt its
spectacular natural beauty and lingering nomadic culture. It should take
around 5 hours to dirve to Bishkek, including the border procedures and rest
stops. To cross the border you will need to take all of your luggage and
belongings off the bus and walk approx. 300m through security and immigration
with it. From the border t’s about 40 minutes drive to Bishkek.

This afternoon we spend a couple of hours visiting the citys main sites
taking in Ala Too Square, Parliament House, the White House, the change of
the guard, the Lenin Statue and the Manas Monument.

*Hotel Asia Mountains 1 or similar, Standard Hotel*

Day 11
Issyk Kul and Djety Oguyz Gorge where we overnight in a yurt camp.

An early start to continue our journey through the Tien Shan Mountains and
head towards Issyk Kul Lake. The second largest salt lake in the world, after
the Caspian Sea (and fast becoming the largest as the Caspian Sea recedes),
it measures 70km by 180km and is almost 700m at its deepest point. Its name
translates as Hot Lake and was given as, even in the depths of winter and
despite being just above 1,600m, it never freezes. The area around the lake
is a mixture of forest and meadow with a backdrop of towering mountains and

The drive will take all day but the scenery is stunning; following the
southern shore of Issyk Kul, we arrive at Jety Oguz Gorge in the evening and
spend the night in a traditional yurt. There will be plenty of photos stops
and depending on the weather, there is also the option to see an eagle
hunting show today (additional cost). The first 190km of the drive is on a
new well-surfaced road but the remaining 220km is an old road and can be
bumpy. When we reach Jety Oguz Village we swap into smaller minibuses for the
last 20km (45 mins- 1 hour) off-road section through the gorge to the yurt

Yurts are semi-permanent tents used by many nomadic people of Central Asia.
The camp we stay at is made up of 6 sleeping yurts (each accommodating 4 to 5
people of the same gender) and one communal/dining yurt. There is a shower
and two flush-toilets but hot water for washing has to be requested
specifically. There is also a generator for electricity for 3 hours in the
evening. Spending a night in a yurt camp is a fantastic experience and a
small insight into a way of life which has gone on for centuries.

*Djety Oguz or similar, Yurt Camp*

Day 12
Explore the gorge on foot; drive to Karakol.

Jety Oguz translates as the Valley of Seven Bulls named after the distinct
seven red-coloured rocks found in the gorge. We can learn about the local
legends behind the name as we walk our way out of the beautiful gorge
(approx. 2 hours), passing through fir forest, yurt settlements and grazing
lands. For the energetic, there is also the option to hike to a waterfall but
the trail can be slippery so this is not advisable when wet/rainy.

If we did not see a Golden eagle hunting demonstration yesterday, we have
another opportunity before moving on today (this depends on whether the
Golden eagle hunter is available).

From the gorge we drive for around 20 minutes to a viewpoint to see the
Jety-Oguz red rocks, and then another 45 minutes (approximately) to Karakol
on the eastern side of Issyk Kul. A ski resort in winter, Karakol is a quaint
town of cottages and shady avenues. We grab lunch (swap buses again) and then
do a short sightseeing tour, visiting the Dungan Mosque, the Russian Orthodox
Church and the Victory Park before checking into our hotel. Tonight we enjoy
a home cooked meal at a local Uygur or Dungan family.

*Green Yard Hotel or similar, standard Hotel*

Day 13
Cholpon Ata on the northern shore of Issyk Kul Lake, burial mounds and
mounds and petroglyphs.

We start with a visit of the Przhevalsky Museum dedicated to the travels and
geographical studies of Russian scientist and geographer Nicolay Przhevalsky
whose expeditions explored much of Central and East Asia.

We then continue around the lake to Cholpon Ata town on the northern shore,
stopping to climb the Scythian burial mound en route. We have lunch in the
town and then drive to the nearby petroglyphs to explore these relics which
date between 4,000 and 1,400 years old. The rest of the day is spent relaxing
on the beach or wandering around town. There is also the option of doing a
boat trip.

*Karven Club Resort or similar, Standard Hotel*

Day 14
Travel through the Boon Gorge, and visit the Burana tower before returning to

We leave the lake behind and head toward the capital, Bishkek. En route we
cross the Boom Gorge, where we usually take an early lunch. Boom ominously
means evil spirit and early travellers, in the 19th Century found the
journey arduous and fraught with setbacks. Our next stop is the UNESCO World
Heritage site, the Burana Tower, an 11th century minaret and the first of its
kind in Central Asia. It is possible to climb to the top of the tower but
please note that the stairs are steep and narrow and it is quite dark inside
so care must be taken.

Roughly two hours further driving brings us back into Bishkek for our final

*Asia Mountains 1 Hotel or similar, Standard Hotel*

Day 15
Fly to London

The trip ends this morning in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Those on the group flights
will be transferred to the airport for their flight back to London arriving
later today.